iMap

Morocco

Country code: MA
Population:

35276786

NFP: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
Involvement:

Since 2006


Policies and Institutions

The main migration policy instruments in Morocco:

Non-exhaustive list of key policy documents in the area of migration:

  • 1956/1971: ratification of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol.
  • 1993: Ratification of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families of 1990.
  • 2003: Law No. 02-03 of 11 November 2003 on the entry and residence of foreigners in the Kingdom of Morocco, irregular emigration and immigration.
    2011: ratification of the 2000 Protocols on Trafficking in Human Beings and Smuggling of Migrants Protocol.
  • 2013: the New Immigration and Asylum Policy (NPIA).
  • 2014: the Framework Agreement on the Partnership between the Office for Vocational Training and Promotion of Labor (OFPPT) and the Deputy Minister in charge of Moroccans Residing Abroad and Migration Affairs.
  • 2016: Law No. 27-14 of 25 August 2016 on combating trafficking in human beings.
  • 2016: National Strategic Plan on Health and Immigration (PSNSI) 2018-2021.
  • 2018: the Penal Code, consolidated version of 5 July 2018 (provisions on combating trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants).

The main ministries in charge of migration affairs in Morocco:

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MAECI): is the focal point for international cooperation on migration and refugee issues (the Moroccan Refugee and Stateless Office is under the supervision of the MAECI)

  • MAECI Deputy Ministry for Moroccans residing abroad and Migration Affairs: is in charge of relations with the Moroccan diaspora and accompanying the return of Moroccans from abroad.

  • Ministry of the Interior: is in charge of border management, immigration / emigration and assisted voluntary return of migrants.

  • Ministry of Justice: is in charge of the procedures for the acquisition of Moroccan nationality.

Sources:

Last updated: December 2018

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