The main migration policy instruments:
Non-exhaustive list of key policy documents relating to migration:
- 1966/1967: ratification of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol.
- 1979: the ECOWAS Protocols relating to the Free Movement of Persons, the Right of Residence and Establishment (1979, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1990).
- 1980: ratification of the 1969 AU Convention Governing Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa.
- 2003: ratification of the 2000 Protocols on Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants.
- 2007: Immigration Act.
- 2007: Trafficking in Persons Act.
- 2017: National Migration Policy.
- 2018: ratification of the 1990 Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families.
The main ministries in charge of migration affairs:
- Ministry of Interior: in charge of immigration and emigration; entry clearance and visas; passport issuance; the Professional Standards Unit (established in 2008 as a means for Gambians and non-Gambians to lodge complaints when their rights have been violated by an immigration officer) and developed the National Migration Policy.
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Gambians Abroad: in charge of consular assistance; bilateral, regional and international agreements on migration; identification and repatriation of Gambians living abroad; an Ad hoc division in charge of involving Gambian communities abroad in national development strategies.
Last update: September 2018